Growing a rose from seeds: rules for preparing and planting seeds
Growing roses from seeds is a painstaking and laborious work, but, nevertheless, it has an undeniable advantage: you are guaranteed to get good seeds of exactly the variety you want to grow.
- Advantages and disadvantages of the cultivation method
- Seed, soil preparation and planting dates
- Landing rules
- Care after landing
There are advantages and disadvantages to growing roses from seeds. Plus cultivation rose from seed is a high germination rate with large sowing seed... Therefore, it is possible to get a lot of seedlings. Rosesgrown from seeds are characterized by good vitality and, even if the bushes are damaged by frost, quickly recover due to strong root system.
This method is well suited for growing miniature roses: with spring sowing, full flowering plants can be obtained already in the first summer.
But not all types of roses can be grown from seeds, but only those that produce good full-fledged seeds. Only in such species from seeds grow flowers that have all the qualities of the mother plant. Therefore, hybrid varieties are not recommended to be grown from self-obtained seeds. When grown from non-hybrid rose seeds, the plants gradually acquire the qualities of wild species. Growing a rose from seeds takes a fairly long period of time.
The following types of roses can be grown quite successfully from seeds:
If you want to try growing a rose from your seeds rather than buying them from the store, you must first extract them correctly from the fruit. Seeds roses are harvested in late June - early August, when the fruits turn slightly red. It is surprising that the seeds of unripe fruits have the best qualities.
It is important to consider that small plants often grow from purchased seeds. Therefore, if possible, it is better to get the seeds yourself.
Seed extraction procedure:
- Collect fruit (rotten or dry seeds are not suitable for harvesting).
- Use a sharp knife to cut each fruit into halves.
- Remove the seeds carefully (they can be of different shapes).
- Peel them off.
- Rinse in hydrogen peroxide solution for 15-20 minutes.
Seeds can be planted in the ground in autumn, spring or planted seedlings in the capacity of the house at the end of winter. Seeds planted in the soil in the fall are naturally plunged stratification... When planting seeds in spring, they are stratified artificially:
- Moisten two pieces of gauze or cotton wool with hydrogen peroxide solution.
- Place in a small container.
- Place the seeds on one piece of gauze and cover with another.
- Cover containers tightly.
- Put in the refrigerator (vegetable compartment) or in any cool place with a temperature of minus 5 degrees.
- Ventilate periodically and check for mold.
- Replace moldy seeds or keep them in hydrogen peroxide solution.
- Moisten if necessary.
- The stratification period is 60 days.
After germination (after 2 months or earlier) the seeds are immediately sown into the prepared soil in peat pots, seedling containers or peat tablets... The seeds are lightly pressed into the soil and covered with a thin layer of sand. The soil for sowing should be sandy and peaty. After the emergence of shoots, the soil should be slightly mulched with a layer of perlite, this will help protect delicate shoots from the black leg.
The best temperature for seed germination is about 18 degrees.
It is important for the sprouts to provide access to light for 10 hours a day. Watering should be moderate as the soil dries up. Direct sunlight is highly undesirable for rose sprouts, so they need to be shaded.
Rose seedlings are planted in open ground at the end of April or in May. Seedlings obtained from seeds are not recommended to be planted in autumn, as they do not tolerate frost well. The soil should be light, fertile, sandy-clayey. Heavy soils are improved with humus, peat, coarse sand and compost. Acidic soils - slaked lime, dolomite flour or chalk.
Front landing the soil is dug to a depth of about 40 centimeters. To improve the quality of soil per 1 square meter, you can add:
- Organic fertilizer - 300 g
- Potassium sulfate - 40 g
- Superphosphate - 50 g
- Decayed manure - up to 10 kg
- Fertilizer for flowering plants - 40 gr.
For planting roses, it is advisable to choose a well-lit, but protected from the scorching sun, place. Most types of roses do not tolerate heat well: the buds quickly turn pale and fade, the leaves can get burned. A flower bed with roses is best placed on the southern side, protected from the north winds.
When landing roses it is not recommended to place them at a great distance from each other, otherwise there is a danger of overheating of the soil, which in turn entails crushing the buds.
To protect the soil from overheating, mulching materials are used, for example, wood sawdust, lawn grass, shavings.
When sowing seeds directly on a flower bed in open ground, they are placed at a distance of no more than 15 cm from each other in autumn, and no more than 20 cm in spring, planted to a depth of about 3 cm, sprinkled with soil.
When planting roses on a flower bed where her pink relatives grew, the soil must be replaced at least half a meter deep, since pathogens already live in it diseasesleft over from their predecessors.
After planting rose seedlings in the first week, it is recommended to shade from the sun. Watering should be done as needed: if the summer is not dry, the rose does not require frequent watering.
At watering roses, it is important to follow a number of rules:
- Water only at the root
- Water in the morning.
- After each watering or heavy rain, the soil must be loosened.
- To reduce moisture evaporation, the soil should be mulched.
Roses respond well to feeding: usually two or three are enough per season: in May, July and October. Until mid-summer, roses are fed with nitrogen fertilizers, in autumn - with potash. Rose is very fond of cow dung, which is fed as follows:
- Prepare a solution: 1 part manure to 3 parts water.
- Let it brew for 10 days.
- Dilute again with water in a ratio of 1:10.
Water the soil under the bush. After absorbing water into the soil, pour 3 liters of solution under each rose bush. Loosen the soil the next day.
Integral part leaving for roses after planting is pruning, which is carried out throughout the growing season. For roses grown from seeds, spring pruning is not necessary. In summer, pruning consists of removing wilted buds or branches that hold flower brushes. Autumn pruning is done to remove diseased, dead shoots and leaves, as well as to shorten bushes that need shelter for the winter.
It is not recommended to allow young rose seedlings to bloom in the first year. It is advisable to remove the buds before August, leaving only two flowers on each shoot. With this technology, next year roses will delight you with abundant flowering.
Throughout the season, process from pests special preparations in accordance with the instructions.
It is recommended to cover young rose bushes for the winter completely at the first onset of freezing temperatures. Otherwise, there is a great risk of freezing the plants. Shelter is best done combined - with earth and spruce branches. In general, it can be noted that caring for roses grown from seeds does not differ significantly from caring for roses grown in traditional ways.
More information can be found in the video.