How to choose a convenient and reliable motor cultivator?

Land cultivation is always associated with heavy physical exertion. Manually digging up, loosening a large area of ​​the garden, garden is difficult, it takes a lot of time from the summer resident. Garden equipment comes to the rescue, the models of which are varied. It is required to have knowledge of the parameters to select the options for the machine required for the cultivation of the summer cottage area.

A motor-cultivator for the owner of even a small suburban area is the necessary help for cultivating the soil for planting horticultural crops, vegetables, flowers. The market is represented by an abundance of device models. Choosing the right agricultural machine is an important matter for a summer resident.


Description of the cultivator, its purpose, advantages

Description of the cultivator, its purpose, advantages

A motor-cultivator is classified as a simple mechanism for working with the ground. The main parts of the unit are attached to its frame:

  1. The engines installed on the car are diesel, gasoline, electric. Diesel powered devices are used on powerful devices. Clean fuel is poured into the tanks of such cultivators, as well as into gasoline four-stroke ones. The gas tanks of two-stroke cultivators use gasoline mixed with oil. The machine can also operate on electricity by connecting to the network.
  2. The role of the reducer in the transmission of torque from the engine to the wheels of the unit. If the engine crankshaft is horizontal, then a chain reducer is used. Being collapsible, it can be easily repaired in the event of a breakdown. For a vertical crankshaft, a worm gearbox is suitable. Its disadvantages include rapid wear and tear, strong heating. They produce motor-cultivators with a gear-type or gear-chain reducer. They are more reliable on powerful mechanisms.
  3. The intensity of the unit, its duration depends on the type of clutch. It is preferable to have a belt with a tension roller. There are devices with a centrifugal clutch.
  4. Active cutters with different gripping diameters are fixed on the drive shaft.
  5. Control levers on some models are equipped with reverse feed and two or three gears. These functions help to easily use the unit, make it convenient and versatile.
  6. The wheels of the machine are of different diameters, depending on the functional tasks of a particular mechanism. If you have to work on virgin soil, then it is better to choose a unit with powerful tires of large diameter; for light options, small wheels are also suitable.

Motor-cultivators are assigned a large amount of work in summer cottages. Preparing the soil for planting cabbage, cucumbers, a tomatomixing it with fertilizers - the work is the easiest for the machine. It will be more difficult for her when she needs to cultivate new plots of land, prepare them for planting. potatoes or garden bookmarks. The unit is used to process the aisles of fruit trees and shrubs.

Motor-cultivators do an excellent job with the tasks set in suburban areas.They are easy to care for, they are simple and convenient to use, they can be repaired in case of breakdown. The cost of the unit is much cheaper than other, more powerful agricultural equipment.

Machine types by power and weight

Machine types by power and weight

The main difference between the models of motor cultivators is their difference in power and weight:

  • Light types of units do not weigh forty kilograms, and their engine power ranges from one and a half to five horsepower. With their help, it is possible to loosen the soil to a depth of 15 centimeters. Thanks to their small working width, lightweight models are indispensable for weeding in hard-to-reach areas of the garden. But the small mass of the apparatus does not allow it to bite deeply into the soil, since it involuntarily jumps upwards.
  • If the car has a weight approaching 60 kilograms, and the power is up to 6 horsepower, then the possibilities of such a model are wide. With a working width of 80-90 centimeters large-diameter cutters, the mechanism can quickly process a large area. The plowing depth will be up to 30 centimeters. Medium power models are maneuverable and have reverse gear. And wheels with special hooks easily pull the mechanism on virgin soil.
  • The heavy types of the unit include those that have a mass of more than 70 kilograms, an engine of 6 horsepower or more. Such mechanisms can easily process an area of ​​1 hectare. Attachments used in powerful versions are capable of not only cultivating the soil, but also transporting loads.

For electric models of cultivators, functions are limited, since they are connected to the mains, and the cord does not allow them to work throughout the garden. They are suitable for loosening, weeding in greenhouses, preparing flower beds near the house. The positive property of an electric motor is its low cost, but the power of such a machine is small - no more than four horsepower.

It is necessary to choose a motor-cultivator, based on what kind of work it is intended for. But units of light power will serve less than powerful ones.

Additional functions of the cultivator thanks to attachments

Additional functions of the cultivator thanks to attachments

The purchase of the necessary agricultural equipment will expand its functions by attaching additional attachments to it:

  1. To carry out plowing, hilling cultivators are equipped with pneumatic type metal wheels with a large mass. They are equipped with special lugs. In this case, the tractive effort of the mechanism doubles.
  2. Plowing of uncultivated land can be carried out using a mounted plow, harrow. The device hitch has special slots for tilting the body to the right or left. In order for the plow to sink to the desired depth, a support wheel is placed to the left of it.
  3. Installing a conventional or disc hiller will allow you to quickly and efficiently process potato ridges. An important point when using the attachment is the diameter of the cultivator wheels - at least 70 centimeters with a width of 10-14. With the help of a conventional hiller, they also plant potatoes... Vegetable seeds are placed in the furrows made by the device.
  4. Large areas are planted with a potato planter, which has a part for creating furrows, a conveyor for placing potatoes, and a hiller for backfilling with earth. After completing one lap, all planting operations can be carried out at the same time.
  5. A digger for vegetables was built from weeding paws, grates. During operation, it is necessary to adjust the depth to which the instrument should be immersed. With the correct installation of the equipment, rows of dug potatoes will stretch behind the cultivator, beets.
  6. One- or two-sided paws of the cutters loosen the ground between the rows of plantings well, are destroyed weeds.
  7. Simple rules for working with a rotary scythe. Correct selection of the speed of the cultivator with the engine speed allows mowing grass on lawns.During operation, it is necessary to monitor the sharpness of the tool, the tension of the drive belt. The braid fasteners must be strong, if necessary, tighten it.
  8. The brush put on the motor-cultivator shaft will help in removing weeds, sweeping paths, removing debris from the site.
  9. The role of the aerator in providing the soil with water and air. After working with the tool, the lawn will look perfectly green and sparkling.

Such devices for a cultivator include a lawn mower, grass chopper... Various attachments allow you to expand the functions of the agricultural unit.

Recommendations for the correct choice of a motor cultivator

Recommendations for the correct choice of a motor cultivator

Buying an expensive cultivator is a difficult step that requires a reasonable approach. The main selection criterion should include such parameters of a garden plot as its area and soil structure for processing. There is no universal apparatus suitable for any territory.

A motor-cultivator, depending on the size of the territory:

  • It is clear that for fields ranging from fifty and over one hundred hectares, intended for planting grain crops, potatoes, powerful motor-cultivators of medium, heavy types are needed. They will also withstand any attachments.
  • For an average area of ​​forty acres, you can pick up both medium and light class cars. Here it is necessary to rely on the need for the purchase of the apparatus. With a small area of ​​thirty acres, divided into a vegetable garden, flower beds, a lawn or a garden, light cultivator options are suitable.
  • If the territory of the garden has elevated places, then you need to choose a model designed to work with an angle of inclination of twenty degrees.

The efficiency of the device is associated with its energy consumption. And then it must be calculated based on the mass of the car. Ten kilograms of weight must account for at least 0.7 or one horsepower.

The popularity of devices with active milling cutters allows them to be used everywhere for cultivating soil in summer cottages.

The most popular type of engine is the four-stroke gasoline engine. Many manufacturers produce models with it. These machines are easy to refuel, and fuel is spent economically during operation.

Ease of use plays an important role when buying a cultivator. A simple handle with which you can easily turn around, switches for travel, reverse and forward gears - such devices will create comfort during hard work with the ground. The firms that produce high quality motor-cultivators include German and Swedish brands. The Russian market is represented by good models with engines of Japanese origin.

More information can be found in the video: