Rowing yellow-brown: properties, harvesting and storage
Gradually, autumn comes to its possession. Many trees have already changed their appearance, and in some cities the first frosts are already beginning. Just about this time the time comes mushrooms... Few people do not like to walk through the forest with a stick and look for hiding mushrooms. Before going into the forest, you need to renew your knowledge about edible or inedible plants that can be found. One such interesting type is the yellow-brown ryadovka.
- Structural features
- Composition and useful properties
- Harm and contraindications
- Procurement and storage
Ryadovka is a plant from the family of Ordinary mushrooms with a lamellar structure. Experts cannot agree on one opinion and refer it to different groups - edible, conditionally edible, poisonous. Therefore, most often the fruits of the forest are collected only by knowledgeable people or experienced mushroom pickers who know the secrets of their preparation.
The main distinguishing feature of a row is its placement in a row.
Features of the structure of mushrooms:
- When the fungus is young, it has a brownish cap with curved edges. The general view of the cap is represented by a cone.
- Older plants straighten their caps, bending the tips outward.
- In most cases, the hat is 4-10 cm in diameter, some specimens grow up to 15 cm.
- The surface of the fungus in dry weather is smooth and dry. But with precipitation or just a humid climate, the cap becomes wet, slippery to the touch.
- The base of the plant is not thick, elongated, reaching up to 15 cm.
- Inside, the leg is dense in terms of filling, and then it becomes hollow. It is the yellow-brown row that is distinguished by the increased leg height.
- The flesh inside the cap is fleshy, dense in structure. In the leg - the density decreases slightly, the structure is fibrous.
In terms of taste, the ryadovka does not differ in sweetness - it tastes bitter, while it has a mealy aroma. The plant usually lives under deciduous trees; it is not often found under birches. They are very rarely found under conifers. The time when they can be harvested is from the end of August to the beginning of November.
The gifts of nature are not only interesting to collect and enjoy the fresh forest air, but when consumed, they have a positive effect on the state of the human body.
The composition of the row is enriched with various vitamins and other useful substances:
- Clitocin and fomecin (antibiotics of natural origin that actively affect cancer cells and pathogenic bacteria)
- Minerals (sodium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, calcium, manganese, potassium)
- Vitamins - D2, C, D7, B, K, A, PP, betaine
- Amino acids (phenylalanine, lysine, threonine, alanine, acid (aspartic, stearic, glutamic))
In addition to useful trace elements, mushrooms have a lot of useful qualities. They perform the following functions:
- Antiviral qualities.
- Immunomodulatory properties.
- Anti-inflammatory functions.
- Antioxidant properties.
- Antibacterial qualities.
The positive effect of plants has been noticed in the following diseases - diabetes mellitus, genitourinary system, nervous disorders, rheumatism, arrhythmias and osteoporosis.Eating rowers effectively lowers blood pressure. Thus, the gifts of nature are useful products. Entering into the diet in small amounts has a beneficial effect on the general condition of a person.
To serve the ryadovka to the table, it is thermally processed in various ways - fried, boiled, steamed, pickled, stewed, salted. After warming up with high temperatures, the mushroom from brown takes on a light yellow hue, while it becomes not bitter, but rather sweetish. A very nutritious and appetizing dish is obtained when onions, fried potatoes and small pieces of meat are combined. In salads, it is often used to arrange ingredients like bell peppers, eggs, rice, paprika, mayonnaise, and garlic.
If a person is determined to lose weight, he is advised to use a diet. The latter is aimed at the use of rows in a small volume. Due to their nutritional value and satiety, a small amount of eaten food has a positive effect not only on weight loss, but also on all internal systems in general. Considering the chemical composition, it is noted that mushrooms are largely similar in composition to meat. Therefore, they are very fond of being included in the diet of vegetarians.
Rows are used not only in cooking, but also in cosmetology and medicine. Various medications against diabetes or tuberculosis are being developed on the basis of mushrooms. Various antibiotics are produced.
From spores and mycelium of fungi, through long-term processing and processing, drugs are produced that can reduce the activity of cancer cells.
Traditional medicine with the help of mushrooms can cure a wide range of skin ailments. The extract from freshly cut fruits of nature helps to cleanse the body, rejuvenate and increase the protective function of the body.
In cosmetology, powder from dried rows is actively used. It is used to make a nourishing and revitalizing lotion. In addition, positive results are noticeable with profuse acne, irritability of the skin and excessive greasiness of the upper layers of the epidermis.
A negative point for humans in mushrooms is that plants have the ability to accumulate harmful substances, chemical fumes and other unfavorable qualities, such as metals. They will not be beneficial, but will only cause significant harm to the body.
Overeating the gifts of nature can provoke increased flatulence and increased gas production.
In such a situation, there may be severity in the abdomen and pain. If a person suffers from problems with the digestive system or low acidity in the stomach, frequent use of these products should not be introduced into the diet. It is also not recommended to consume large quantities of ingredients if cholecystitis, pancreatitis or dysfunction of the gallbladder is observed.
In case of mushroom poisoning, the first signs appear only 1-15 hours after eating. The following symptoms are revealed:
- Pain in the head.
- Cutting sensations in the stomach.
- Loose stools.
- Nausea and profuse vomiting;
- Increased salivation.
If any signs unfavorable to health appear, you should urgently call an ambulance or go to see a doctor. Raw mushrooms should not be eaten as they tend to cause intestinal upset. Therefore, it is better not to eat old specimens that have overgrown normal volumes.
Collecting is recommended only for those people who are sure of the quality and edibility of this product. You should know exactly what the doubles, which are poisonous specimens, look like. Unlike the original, the latter have distinctively thin legs and a tubercle in the middle of the cap.
After the collected mushrooms are brought home, they are sorted out, cleaned of forest debris, and washed. Large members of the family are cut for several hours.The entire crop is immersed in salted liquid. After that, you can resort to one of the recipes and cook fragrant mushrooms for the winter. You can also drain the water after boiling and place it in the refrigerator in the freezer.
In the refrigerator, without specific processing, mushrooms can be kept for no more than 3 days.
If you put the cooked mushrooms in the freezer, the shelf life reaches six months. In the form of salted conservation or dried ingredients, the gifts of the forest are preserved for 12 months.
Thus, mushrooms are a healthy and nutritious product. But if it is improperly prepared or if the amount introduced into the diet is increased, side effects can be achieved. Therefore, before using, you should know exactly what useful qualities, as well as contraindications, ryadovki have.
More information can be found in the video: