Daylily Frans Hals cultivation and application on the site
With the onset of springtime, any gardener wants bright inflorescences to please the eye in his garden. These characteristics are possessed by day-lily... It is able to reveal a new flower every day, resulting in an impression of never-ending bloom. One of the original varieties is Frans Hals. To make the right choice, you need to familiarize yourself with the structural features of the variety and determine the timing and rules of planting.
- Features of the structure of the variety
- Reproduction methods
- Landing dates and rules
- How to care for a daylily?
- Diseases and pests
- Application in site design
The name of the original plant was given by the famous portrait painter - Frans Hals. He was famous for his paintings, which depicted the beautiful flowers, popular in the 17th century, daylilies.
Daylily Frans Hals is famous for its tall, erect arrows, on which buds are formed in large numbers.
The height of the arrow is 40-60 cm. Violent flowering begins from the first days of June. The end of budding is observed only at the end of August. The emerging flower is large in size - each inflorescence is 15 cm in diameter.
The opened bud has bright colors and depletes the delicate aroma during flowering. In most cases, the structure of the flower is such that its upper part is painted in a bright scarlet tone, and the inner part, which goes into the core, is endowed with a rich yellow tint. The height of the foliage of the shrub is 1 m. In height. Distinctive qualities of the variety are its decorative properties, reliability and increased bud formation, proven over the years.
To obtain an original specimen that is distinguished by its maternal qualities, a number of breeding methods can be used. The most commonly used methods are distinguished:
- Dividing the bush Is the most common way to get a daughter plant. It allows you to preserve all the characteristics of the mother bush. If the need to obtain a similar plant within a certain period of time is identified, then division can be carried out at any age period of the daylily. The procedure has a favorable outcome if it is carried out from the beginning of spring to September 15th. Later dates threaten, especially in the northern regions, with a rapid cooling. In this case, the bush will not have time to take root and will die. It is best to plant at least 6 weeks before the first frost occurs. If the shrub is 4-5 years old, it is easier to dig it up completely and divide it into the necessary parts, prudently covering the cut with ash or crushed activated carbon. The resulting young seedlings are placed in new places of residence.
- Seeds - if you plant with ripe seedlings collected from the plant, then the resulting shrub has 50% that its maternal qualities will be preserved. This method of obtaining new specimens is most often used by researchers or experienced breeders seeking to develop a new variety. For cultivation using seeds, the collected seedlings must be pre-soaked.To dilute the consistency for soaking, 15 ml per 1 liter are introduced into the liquid. water 15% hydrogen peroxide solution. Seeds should be poured into the resulting essence, covered with plastic wrap and installed in a darkened room. The appearance of the first shoots is carried out in different ways - from several days to 2 weeks. It is recommended to check daily for the appearance of the first shoots. After the development of the white roots, the fluid must be eliminated. Instead, add fine gravel, which should correspond to the size of the planting material. Seeds should be placed on top, but so that the water is lower than the seedlings. After germination of the first shoots, you need to determine the flowerpots in a sunny place, but without direct rays. Add nutrient fluid periodically. When the first full leaves appear, the plants can be removed and transplanted into a separate flowerpot.
- Rooting of inflorescences (proliferation) - this means that a leaf rosette formed on a peduncle is used as a planting material. When rooting, all maternal qualities are preserved, which fully speaks of the plant's correspondence to the original. To get an excellent seedling, you need to allow the rosettes on the mother bush to develop as long as possible. To do this, the plant is kept on the peduncle until the upper part of the peduncle is completely dry, up to the young shoot. When the time comes to bury it in the ground, you need to cut off the leaf rosette in such a way as to capture a part of the peduncle on both sides. After that, the resulting seedling is required to be placed in water, preferably with growth stimulants (Zircon or Epin) and wait for the appearance root system... When the roots grow to a length of up to 5 cm, the resulting sprout is planted in a previously prepared ground.
To obtain such a plant, each gardener can choose the most suitable rooting method for him. The main thing is to correctly complete all the procedures for planting a young seedling.
Planting work can be carried out throughout the growing season. But rooting occurs best of all if the seedling is placed in the ground in early spring when the first sunny warm days appear. But on such days, the weather should be closely monitored. If the return frosts have not yet gone away, then you should not plant the plant for permanent residence in the open ground.
Although it is believed that the daylily Frans Hals is not a capricious plant and no specific conditions are required for its care, a number of requirements must be met when planting:
- It is initially recommended to find the optimal placement. The daylily species prefers open spaces and plenty of sunlight.
- You should definitely check soil acidity... Loam saturated with large amounts of organic fertilizers is ideal for growth. The medium-pH should be at the optimum level - 6-6.5.
- Before deepening into the ground, it is necessary to carefully examine the prepared seedling for the presence of damaged or affected rhizomes. If you find similar ones, you need to remove them and sprinkle the slices. ash or activated carbon.
For better acclimatization, the rhizomes should be dipped in a solution with a growth stimulator. You can either purchase it in a specialty store or prepare it yourself. To do this, it is worth soaking willow twigs and twigs in water for 2 days. In the resulting consistency, the seedling is soaked for 2-4 hours.
For planting in the ground, the following procedures are carried out:
- The planting pit should be spacious enough and have parameters 40-45 cm.
- A handful should be thrown to the bottom organic fertilizers, perfect for this purpose nitroammofosk.
- In the central part of the recess, you need to make a small hill, a compacted structure, so that you get a small slide.
- Above, planting material is placed as on a hat, a seedling, previously soaked in a solution.
- The roots are gently straightened and covered with soil.
The procedure for filling the earth is carried out so that all empty cavities are filled with earth. Otherwise, there is the possibility of the formation of pathogenic bacteria in the hollow areas. Stimulating the formation of fungal diseases and the development of rot. Correct planting provides not only fast rooting, but also the possibility of obtaining a small number of peduncles as early as the next growing year.
To preserve the beauty of the plant for long years, as well as the absence of diseases and the invasion of harmful insects, it is necessary to carry out high-quality care. It is necessary to adhere to the following rules for keeping the daylily Frans Hals:
- Temperature - although the shrub loves an abundance of sunlight, excessive heat does not bring a positive result when grown. On hot days of summer heat, in the evening it is recommended to carry out surface spraying of the leaf plates of the shrub. Additional mulching will allow you to retain moisture in the soil for a long time, maintain the required temperature for the root system and the composition of the necessary conditions for abundant flowering and good growth. For these purposes, sawdust or dry crushed peat are suitable.
- Nutrient Moisture - Watering is very important for the Frans Hals daylily. The plant requires large amounts of moisture, but at the same time, if you have to refrain from adding nutrient water for some time, the shrub will not dry out. Its root structure has the ability to accumulate moisture and release it as needed. If the shrub lacks moisture, it signals by dropping the buds and yellowing of the leaf plates. Therefore, in the absence of rain for a long time, watering should be carried out regularly, but you should not irrigate the bush so that water accumulates in the leaf axils. From this, the leaf plates can rot.
- Top dressing - in the year when the bush was planted in a new place of residence, it is not worth adding nutrients. But from the 2nd year of life, feeding should be done regularly. Fertilizers are delivered for the first time in the first days of spring. Mineral substances are introduced into the soil in dry or wet form. The second procedure is carried out during the formation of buds. The latter is necessary after the end of the mass flowering.
- Pruning - in spring, after hibernation, minor pruning of the shrub is carried out. old leaves are removed along the edge of the bush.
- Wintering - although the daylily of Frans Hals is considered frost-resistant, but in severe frosts or in a snowless winter, it is recommended to cover the plants with a large decrease in the temperature regime.
In addition to the listed care, it must be borne in mind that after watering, it is always necessary to loosen. Do not go deep into the soil, this can provoke damage to the root system. But the event should be held regularly. This is due to the fact that the upper surface is covered with a crust and does not allow moisture and oxygen necessary for the rhizomes to penetrate normally.
In most cases, the daylily Frans Hals has an increased resistance to various kinds of diseases and parasitic insects. Although it has a bright color, pests rarely attack it, but in some situations this is possible.
The following diseases and pests are distinguished, which most often affect plants:
- Root collar rot - deciduous plates are subject to yellowing, wilting and complete withering away. The neck acquires a soft structure, an unpleasant fetid aroma emanates from it.To prevent disease, the plant should be dug from its familiar place, the root system should be thoroughly rinsed. If damaged areas are identified, they are cut off with a sharp garden tool, pre-treated. Then it is placed in a dark solution of Potassium Permanganate and kept in this state for 20 minutes. Before planting at a new place of residence, they are dried, pre-keeping the plant in a shaded area of the garden. The affected area, in which the plant was previously located, is washed with a concentrated potassium permanganate solution.
- Striped leaf plates - with the development of the disease, red-yellow streaks are found, coming to light on both sides of the central vein. There are red-brown specks on the leaves. The affected foliage is removed, the rest of the plant is treated with a Fundazole solution with an essence of 0.2%.
- Rust - flowering does not appear, the development of the shrub is slow, the leaf plates practically do not grow. On the foliage, pustules are formed, filled with a yellow-orange powder. To combat the disease, it is necessary to cut off all affected leaves, as well as the tops located nearby. All affected plates are burned, and healthy ones are processed chemical fungicides.
- Viral diseases, the bush becomes sluggish, seemingly sick. The foliage shows abnormal spots or streaks. It is impossible to cure the shrub; in order to prevent the disease of neighboring crops, it is necessary immediately when identifying the cause of the depressed state of the daylily, remove it and burn it. Treat the soil with potassium permanganate.
- Trips - appear on the plant during the first warm days in spring. They crawl out of the soil, feed on the sap of young leaves and extract nutrients from the stems and peduncles of the daylily. To destroy the parasites, it is necessary to completely remove the shrub, burn it, and treat the surface of the earth with a concentrated solution of potassium Permanganate or chemical insecticides.
- Spider mites, bugs, slugs or aphids - are treated with chemicals for elimination. In case of a minor invasion, they are eliminated manually.
- Midges - are located in the buds. Therefore, to eliminate them, you only need to cut off the affected bud. For prophylaxis against pests, it is necessary to treat the daylily with special preparations when forming a peduncle.
To prevent any disease or pest invasion, it is necessary to constantly monitor the appearance and condition of the shrub. The first appearance of symptoms, noticed in time, allows you to get rid of the problem without harming the bush and the root system.
The daylily of Frans Hals is distinguished by its original presentation and bright color. But despite all the features and royal posture, the bush fits favorably with all the cultures in the garden. The main thing is, when placing a bush on a garden plot, determine exactly with which plants day-lily will coexist. It is important either to emphasize its richness and beauty, or not to overshadow the neighboring flowers that deserve considerable attention.
Daylily Frans Hals and Thunberg barberry, as well as tenacious and geyhera... Such neighbors as shrubs will not overshadow the beauty of plants: privet, mock orange and elderberry. For their living together, it is important to correctly distribute the plants in the mixborder and make a level flower bed.
Daylilies will look original and phloxes, they bloom in the same period and will ideally match each other not only in color, but also in the height of the arrows.
Thus, the daylily Frans Hals stands out for its tall arrows, capable of producing buds throughout the summer period, until the end of August. But for their placement, you will need to take into account the rules and timing of planting, as well as perform care.the main thing is to monitor the external condition of the bush and prevent any diseases at the initial stages of development.
More information can be found in the video: